Abstract Yangtze river economic zone as a "road along the way" along the geographical sense of the connection, the region involved in the province of industrial gradient transfer and industrial transfer to the industry to undertake frequent activities. But the long-term one-way industrial high and low transfer makes the industry within the regional convergence of serious, industrial resource utilization efficiency structural imbalance. In this paper, theefficiency model is used to improve the efficiency model, and the efficiency of the industry in each province (municipalities) is measured by using the panel data of 2006-2015 in the economic zone. The efficiency of regional industrial undertaking and economic growth of the threshold effect, and then to the second and third industry added value as a factor of economic growth due to changes in the value of the threshold changes. It is found that the industrial undertaking efficiency of the provinces (municipalities) in the Yangtze river economic zone is not high as a whole, and there is no linear relationship between the efficiency of the industries in the provinces and their own economic development stages, and the overall trend is declining. The efficiency of industrial transfer in the second and third industries shows that there are accelerated transfer and slowdown in the respective thresholds. That is: the overall efficiency of the secondary industry in the region to slow down, the tertiary industry to undertake the overall efficiency of the accelerated. The relative endogeneity of the two municipalities is relatively obvious.