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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY PROGRESS AND POLICY
 
2021 Vol.38 Issue.22
Published 2021-11-25

Innovation in Science and Technology Management
Regional Scientific Development
Industrial Technological Progress
Enterprise Innovation Management
Legal System and Policy of Science and Technology
Review
Knowledge Science and Knowledge Engineering
Innovation in Science and Technology Management
1 How Does Empowerment Affect Service Innovation?From the Dual Impact Analysis of Value Co-creation Desire and Internal Control Mechanism
Mao Qian,Gu Ying,Jiang Lisa
How to promote service innovation to meet the personalized and diversified needs of customers is an urgent problem for theoretical circles and service enterprises to solve.Based on the theory of resource preservation,this paper takes the service industry as the research object to explore the effect of empowerment on service innovation.On this basis, it further studies the dual effects of value co-creation desire and internal control mechanism on the relationship.The results show that:①empowerment can promote service innovation behavior;②value co-creation is willing to play a partial mediating role in the relationship between empowerment and service innovation;③behavior control positively moderates the influence of empowerment on value co-creation desire, and result control negatively regulates the influence of empowerment on value co-creation desire.This paper enriches the research on the mechanism of empowerment and employee innovation behavior, expands the research scope of empowerment boundary conditions, and provides reference for other scholars' follow-up discussion and enterprise management decision-making.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 1-10 [Abstract] ( 42 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1324KB] ( 16 )
11 Research on the Configuration and Path of the Influencing Factors of the Allocation Efficiency of Science and Technology Resources:QCA Analysis Based on 30 Provinces in China
Duan Zhongxian,Wu Peng
As an important index to measure regional innovation ability, the allocation efficiency of science and technology resources is the focus of deepening the reform of factor market allocation.By using the method of fuzzy qualitative comparative analysis, this paper makes an empirical analysis of 30 provincial data, and reveals the factors that affect the allocation efficiency of science and technology resources from the perspective of integrity.The results show that: a single factor does not constitute an obstacle to improve the efficiency of science and technology resource allocation, but the development level of scientific research institutions, industrial structure adjustment, R&D expenditure of R&D institutions play a more universal role in promoting the efficiency of science and technology resource allocation; there are six key paths to improve the efficiency of science and technology resource allocation, including pioneering, industrial upgrading This paper analyzes the driving mechanism of R&D institutions, the driving mechanism of R&D institutions, the double wheel driving mechanism of industrial upgrading and R&D institutions, the driving mechanism of Universities under the leading logic of R&D institutions, and the driving mechanism of multiple agents in the dual leading logic of market and R&D institutions.In order to improve the efficiency of science and technology resource allocation, we can choose different paths according to our own resource endowment and conditions.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 11-18 [Abstract] ( 14 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1210KB] ( 8 )
19 When do Governance Mechanisms Drive Alliance Success:The Perspectives of Uncertainty
Li Linwei,Wang Gang
Drawing on transaction cost theory and relational exchange perspective, this study adopts a comparative study approach to examine the different effects of contractual governance and relational governance on alliance success and the associated boundary conditions. Based on 410 Chinese alliance firms with two key informants, results show that relational governance has a greater positive effect on alliance success than contractual governance, and this relationship tends to change according to contingencies surrounding the alliance. Specifically, when environmental uncertainty becomes higher, firms will rely more on relational governance than on contractual governance to achieve alliance success. When partners' behavioral uncertainty becomes higher, firms will rely more on relational governance than on contractual governance to achieve alliance success. This paper provides theoretical guidance for alliance firms on how to choose appropriate governance mechanisms under different contexts.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 19-26 [Abstract] ( 15 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1255KB] ( 6 )
27 The Impact of Effectuation on Performance in International Entrepreneurship:The Chain Mediation Effect of Resource Bricolage and Opportunity Evaluation
Li Wei,Liu Zhi
Enterprises that try to operate internationally for the first time often face the double bottleneck of lack of experience and resource constraints, and therefore have to emphasize the integration and creative use of existing resources at hand, that is, the effectuation. Although previous studies have verified the relevance of the effectuation and the performance of international entrepreneurship, but lack of excavation of its specific actions and mechanism of action, this paper uses resource bricolage and international entrepreneurial opportunity as intermediary variables to explore the influence transmission path between the effectuation and entrepreneurial performance in the initial international entrepreneurship. The study found that: effectuation and international entrepreneurial performance have a significant positive impact; resource bricolage and international entrepreneurial opportunity play significant intermediary roles respectively, and resource bricolage and international entrepreneurial opportunity play a significant dual intermediary role between the two.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 27-33 [Abstract] ( 15 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1209KB] ( 7 )
Regional Scientific Development
34 Knowledge Flow and Spatial Interaction of Agricultural Science and Technologyamong Provinces in China
Yao Hui,Zhao Xiaoyuan,Gao Qijie
Based on the data of 10 agricultural science and technology patent categories at the provincial level in China. By calculating the specialization index of regional agricultural science and technology and the situation of regional dominant agricultural science and technology to analyzing the development trend of agricultural science and technology at provincial level in China. Constructing the distance index of agricultural science and technology knowledge flow between regions to represent the situation of agricultural science and technology knowledge flow between provinces, and to clarify the difference of agricultural science and technology knowledge flow distance between provinces. Finally, The gravity model is used to measure the spatial interaction between regions caused by the flow of agricultural science and technology knowledge. The results show that: From 2000 to 2018, the agricultural science and technology in most provinces in China gradually showed diversified development, and the quantity of superior agricultural science and technology in each province also began to decline.The flow distance of agricultural science and technology knowledge among most provinces is generally small, and the structure of agricultural science and technology among provinces presents a certain homogenization, which is conducive to the agricultural science and technology exchanges and cooperation among provinces.The structure of agricultural science and technology in some provinces is quite different.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 34-42 [Abstract] ( 11 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1241KB] ( 9 )
43 Research on the System Architecture of Regional Science and Technology Infrastructure during the 14th Five Year Plan Period:Based on the Empirical Analysis of Jiangsu Province
Luo Yang,Gong Meijuan,Yang Yanhong,Shang Liyuan
Regional science and technology infrastructure system is an important condition and supporting force for regional science and technology innovation and development. Referring to the existing research results, this paper analyzes the connotation of science and technology infrastructure from the narrow and broad perspectives, and puts forward the framework of regional science and technology infrastructure system from the narrow perspective of investment and the broad perspective of function; Taking Jiangsu Province as an example, based on the framework of regional science and technology infrastructure system in a broad sense, this paper analyzes the current situation of science and technology infrastructure system in Jiangsu Province, and finds out the weak links; According to the demand of Jiangsu Science and technology infrastructure construction during the 14th Five Year Plan period, this paper studies the structure of Jiangsu Science and technology infrastructure system during the 14th Five Year Plan period, and puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 43-49 [Abstract] ( 7 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1274KB] ( 6 )
50 Research on the Spatial-Temporal Differentiation of Enterprise Green Technology Innovation Driving Mechanism
Li Nanbo,Sun Hongyuan
Based on the perspective of corporate green technology innovation environment maturity, using the data from various regions in my country in 2019, we constructed a corporate green technology innovation maturity evaluation index system including four dimensions of policy environment, economic environment, social environment and innovation environment, and evaluated using cloud models. Method to evaluate the environment of green technology innovation in Chinese enterprises. The research results show that: firstly, there is a nonlinear relationship between the green technological innovation environment of regional enterprises and regional economic development; secondly, policy and social environment are the most important influencing dimensions of the maturity of the green technological innovation environment of enterprises; thirdly, Chinese enterprises The overall green technology innovation environment is at a medium maturity level, and there are significant differences between different regions. Based on this, policy recommendations for improving the maturity of the enterprise's green technology innovation environment have been put forward from a new perspective.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 50-57 [Abstract] ( 12 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1528KB] ( 11 )
Industrial Technological Progress
58 Research on the Efficiency Stability of Independent Technological Innovation of China's High-end Equipment Manufacturing
Wang Chengdong,Li Guangbin,Cai Yuanyuan
Under the background of promoting the national strategy of innovation driven development, it is of great practical significance to reveal the stability of the efficiency of independent technological innovation of China's high-end equipment manufacturing and measure the influence intensity and direction of its influencing factors, so as to reveal the law of independent technological innovation of China's high-end equipment manufacturing and formulate its development strategy.This paper focuses on the stability and influencing factors of independent technological innovation efficiency of China's high-end equipment manufacturing, and conducts an empirical study based on DEA-Malmquist index method and Tobit regression model.The results show that the efficiency of independent technological innovation of China's high-end equipment manufacturing has some volatility in the empirical research period, and the internal stability of the efficiency of independent technological innovation of each industry segment is poor, and the stability of the efficiency of independent technological innovation of the industry is not high.The investment of innovation capital and human resources have a positive impact on the efficiency of independent technological innovation, while the investment of new product development and enterprise scale have a heterogeneous impact on the efficiency of independent technological innovation, Policy factors and market factors have significant and non-significant negative effects respectively.Exogenous innovation factors have a significant positive impact, and the impact intensity is larger.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 58-67 [Abstract] ( 12 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1705KB] ( 6 )
68 A Research on the Impact of Industrial Policy on Enterprise Performance and Its Mechanism:Empirical Data from China's Photovoltaic Industry
Chen Yan,Zhou Yuanyuan,Ji Yaxing
This paper selects the panel data of 60 photovoltaic enterprises listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges from 2009 to 2019, and takes 243 photovoltaic industrial policies issued by ministries and departments in China from 2009 to 2019 as the research object. It uses stata15 to build a fixed effect model to test the impact of industrial policies on enterprise innovation performance and economic performance, And the differences in different regional innovation environment and different enterprise nature. The results show that: industrial policy can effectively promote the innovation performance of enterprises, but industrial policy can inhibit the economic performance of enterprises; The economic performance of enterprises plays a part of intermediary effect between photovoltaic industry policy and enterprise innovation performance. On the one hand, it is inhibition in state-owned enterprises, on the other hand, it is promotion in non-state-owned enterprises; Regional innovation environment plays a restraining role in the role of industrial policy and enterprise innovation performance. After further dividing the ownership of enterprises, it is found that: under the influence of photovoltaic industry policy, the innovation performance of state-owned enterprises is not affected by the regional innovation environment, while the innovation performance of non-state-owned enterprises is negatively affected by the regional innovation environment; The regional innovation environment can positively improve the economic performance of non-state-owned enterprises, but has no impact on the economic performance of state-owned enterprises. The research conclusions provide suggestions for Chinese government to formulate reasonable photovoltaic industry policies and photovoltaic enterprises to improve innovation performance.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 68-75 [Abstract] ( 14 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1204KB] ( 5 )
Enterprise Innovation Management
76 The Impact of Diversity of Collaborative Innovation Network Members on Exploratory Innovation: the Mediating Role of Technology Diversification
Wang Yaode,Lin Liang
Through the theoretical analysis of collaborative innovation and triple helix, this paper puts forward and expounds the members' diversity of collaborative innovation network and its two dimensions. Using patent data of 452 high-tech listed companies in China manufacturing industry, this paper studies the impact of members' diversity of collaborative innovation network on exploratory innovation, and thereafter investigates the mediating role of technology diversification on the relationship between them. The empirical test indicates that the diversity of members (subject diversity and regional diversity) have a positive impact on exploratory innovation. Technology diversification plays a completely mediating role in the relationship between subject diversity and exploratory innovation, and also plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between regional diversity and exploratory innovation.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 76-82 [Abstract] ( 16 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1239KB] ( 7 )
83 Does the Technology Innovation Spillover of Foreign Capital in China Promote the Technological Progress of Domestic Enterprises:Empirical Analysis based on Threshold Effect
Huang Ye,Liu Ting
Based on the data of China's A-share listed companies from 2010 to 2019, this paper constructs a panel threshold model to explore the threshold effect of foreign technology innovation spillovers on domestic enterprises' technological progress. The results show that: 1) there is a single threshold effect of foreign technology innovation spillovers in China, and the impact on the technological progress of domestic enterprises shows an inverted U-shaped relationship; 2) taking the industry foreign capital competition, domestic capital imitation isomorphism and regional intellectual property protection as the threshold variables, we find that only when the foreign capital competition level is low, the degree of domestic capital imitation isomorphism is low, and the protection of regional intellectual property rights is high, foreign capital has a single threshold effect Only when technological innovation spillover in China can promote the technological progress of domestic enterprises, and these threshold effects have heterogeneity of industry and enterprise property rights.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 83-90 [Abstract] ( 7 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1203KB] ( 6 )
91 The Influence of Firms in Technology Alliance Joint Action on Firms Innovation Performance
Chen Guoying,Sun Jinshu,Zhang Aiguo,Zhang Yiming
Based on the classification-identification-comparative analysis framework of social identity theory, introduces joint action, relationship identification and knowledge diversity of firms on technology alliance into the reaction mechanism to realize firm innovation performance, constructs a three factors interactive adjustment model of joint action, relationship identification and knowledge diversity, and explores the generation mechanism of firm innovation performance. Based on hypothesis test of 428 survey data of water environment treatment firms, the results show that: joint action has a positive impact on firm innovation performance; relationship identification positively regulates the impact of joint action on firm innovation performance; Inter firm knowledge diversity positively moderates the moderating effect of relationship identification between joint problem solving dimension of joint action and firm innovation performance; However, the moderating effect of inter-firm knowledge diversity on the moderating effect of relational identity between joint cognitive dimension of joint action and firm innovation performance is not significant.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 91-98 [Abstract] ( 11 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1351KB] ( 8 )
99 Research on the Peer Effect of R&D Investment of Chinese Listed Companies
Bao Shuchen,Dai Ming
R&D decisions in company are not completely independent, and may be affected by companies in the same industry. Based on the data of R&D investment of Chinese A-share listed companies from 2008 to 2018,this studyempirically tests the existence, formation mechanism and influencing factors of the peer effect of listed companies R&D investment.The resultsshow that Chinese listed companies have a peer effect in R&D investment; information advantage and competitive pressure are the formation mechanisms of the peer effect of R&D investment; policy shocks, property rights, industry status and financing constraints have impact on the peer effect of R&D investment. The conclusion of thispaper provides important guiding significance for Chinese listed companies to grasp the rules of R&D decision-making.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 99-106 [Abstract] ( 16 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1213KB] ( 6 )
Legal System and Policy of Science and Technology
107 Complementation or Substitution:R&D Subsidy and PCP
Liu Jing,Hu Liping,Kang Xiaoling,Zhang Xia
The performance of science and technology innovation system depends on the effectiveness of individual policies, as well as the combined effects of policies.From the perspective of policy process, two sets of cases are used to compare the project screening mechanism and project management mechanism of R&D subsidy with those of pre-commercial procurement (PCP).The research findings show that PCP complements and substitutes for R&D subsidy at the same time.As an emerging innovation policy tool, PCP not only loosens financial constraints, but also has two potential advantages:first, it is beneficial for procurers to give play to their strength of demand information andapplication environment information; second, it is more accurate"in the implementation mechanism of the policy, especially suitable for the "breakthrough at point".New tools should be introduced actively to expand innovation policy toolkit and the unique advantage of various tools should be exploited based on the understanding of the tool attributes.This has important implications for optimizing the design of innovation policy mix and for improving the performance of science and technology innovation system.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 107-115 [Abstract] ( 6 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1407KB] ( 4 )
116 The Extraterritorial Application System of American Patent Law: Evolution, Application and Enlightenment
Shan Juan
Patent right is considered to be the most territorial right. For a long time, domestic legislation and international treaties on patent protection have broken through the regionality of patent rights. With the deepening of globalization and the regional contradiction of patent rights, with the lobbying of the US patentees, the US Congress has constantly revised the patent law to give some rules extraterritorial effect to regulate overseas activities such as overseas assembly and overseas manufacturing. At the same time, the US courts show uncertainty on the boundaries and scope of these rules in judicial practice. But generally speaking, the practice of these rules has further realized the dual functions of the patentee's rights protection and competition in the United States, and played an important role in both patent innovation and national interests. China is in a special period of transformation from a major power of patent introduction to a big country of patent creation. In legislation, we should take precautions to establish appropriate extraterritorial rules to protect patent rights in line with China's reality. At the same time, we should pay attention to actively mobilize private initiative and play the positive role of the court.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 116-123 [Abstract] ( 12 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1209KB] ( 4 )
Knowledge Science and Knowledge Engineering
124 The Impact of Transboundary Ambidextrous Search on Ambidextrous Innovation Performance:Based on the Integrated Perspective of Knowledge Cooperation Chain and Strategic Flexibility
Dong Yuanyuan,Wei Zepeng
Transboundary search can improve the knowledge reserves of enterprises and drive innovation and development. Based on the open innovation theory, knowledge management theory and dynamic capability theory, this research incorporates the knowledge cooperation chain and strategic flexibility into the transboundary search cooperation research framework, constructs and empirically tests a regulated mediation effect model. The results show that: technical knowledge search has a significant positive impact on breakthrough innovation performance, market knowledge search has a significant positive impact on incremental innovation performance; Enterprise transboundary ambidextrous search significantly positively affects the knowledge cooperation chain; Knowledge fusion and knowledge transformation have a significant intermediary effect between transboundary ambidextrous search and ambidextrous innovation performance; Strategic flexibility positively regulates the relationship between transboundary search and the knowledge cooperation chain. The article has completely revealed the mechanism of transboundary ambidextrous search on ambidextrous innovation performance, and provided theoretical guidance for companies to break through the dilemma of transboundary cooperation, promote knowledge exchange, and improve innovation performance.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 124-131 [Abstract] ( 10 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1376KB] ( 9 )
132 The Influence of Knowledge Specialization and Relevance on Competitive Advantage
Lv Xiaojing,Zhang Gui,Liu Jiqing
In view of the homogenization of knowledge and technology development in different provinces,based on the patent data of the State Intellectual Property Office,this paper describes the temporal and spatial evolution characteristics of knowledge specialization and relevance in 31 provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions of China from 2000 to 2017,and discusses their influence on competitive advantage.The results show that the level gap of innovation activities is obvious,the diversity of knowledge creation activities in high-level areas is more obvious,and the knowledge tendency in low-level areas pays attention to a single field; the spatial distribution of knowledge relevance tends to weaken from east to west,and the technological evolution in the eastern coastal areas is more dependent on the knowledge base,while in the central and western regions it is weaker.There is obvious path dependence in the transformation of competitive advantage of knowledge products,and knowledge production with high correlation density with local knowledge base structure may become a comparative competitive advantage in the future.From the perspective of knowledge agglomeration in the region,the higher the degree of specialization,the more conducive to the formation of competitive advantages in areas with low correlation density; From the perspective of the national division of knowledge,the higher the degree of diversification,the better the areas with higher correlation density will become the next competitive advantage.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 132-140 [Abstract] ( 10 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 4011KB] ( 3 )
141 The Effect of Learning from Failures on Enterprise Performance
Tang Chaoyong,Niu Chonghuai,Shi Yongzhi
Previous studies have suggested that learning from failures plays an important effect on enterprise performance, but the research on how learning from failures promotes enterprise performance is not perfect. A multi-path model of the impact of learning from failures on enterprise performance is constructed by introducing resource bricolage and opportunity identification as intermediary variables based on the theory of learning from failures, and explores the driving path of learning from failures on enterprise performance and its internal mechanism. The results reveal that learning from failures has a positive effect on enterprise performance, resource bricolage and opportunity identification play a mediating role between learning from failures and enterprise performance respectively, and resource bricolage and opportunity identification multiply mediate the effcet of learning from failures on enterprise performance.Strategic flexibility strengthens the relationship between resource bricolage and firm performance, and positively adjusts the mediating role of resource bricolage.The research conclusion expands the influence path of learning from failures on enterprise performance, and has important enlightenment for enterprise recovery and growth.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 141-150 [Abstract] ( 11 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1259KB] ( 9 )
Review
151 The Knowledge Structure and Development Direction of Industrial Internet Platform Research
Xie Weihong,Luo Jianbin,Guo Haizhen,Li Zhongshun,Zhang Qian
The article takes the industrial Internet platform research literature in the Web of Science database as the object, and uses the bibliometric method to analyze the external characteristics, subject knowledge structure, research hotspots and trends of the industrial Internet platform research literature.The study found: The subject knowledge structure in the field of industrial Internet platform consists of five parts: Industrial Internet platform and Industry 4.0, cloud manufacturing platform and enterprise business model, Internet of Things and platform infrastructure, Industrial Internet platform and intelligent logistics, Internet of Things and enterprise information systems.Research hotspots mainly include industrial Internet platform knowledge management and business model, industrial Internet platform application and industrial innovation, industrial Internet platform and manufacturing enterprise production management.Finally, the theoretical framework of the industrial Internet platform based on "Industrial Internet Platform Infrastructure—Industrial Internet Platform Operating Mechanism—Industrial Internet Platform Output Results" is proposed.It also proposes future research directions from three perspectives, hoping to provide references for academic research and management practices of domestic industrial Internet platforms.
2021 Vol. 38 (22): 151-160 [Abstract] ( 12 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 2180KB] ( 5 )
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